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Caribbean Herpetology

A non-profit open-access journal
Editor-in-Chief:  S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University), E-mail
Associate Editors:  Robert Henderson (Milwaukee Public Museum); Robert Powell (Avila University); and Byron Wilson (University of the West Indies).
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Alsophis rijgersmaei image

Number 48 (28 October 2013)
Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Category: Behavior. Date of observation: 10 October 2013. Location: Grand Colombier, Saint-Barthélemy. Coordinates: 17.921594, -62.867428Map these coordinates. Elevation: 65 m. Voucher: image. First observation of nocturnal activity in the normally diurnal genus Alsophis, away from artificial illumination. A large Anguilla Bank Racer, estimated at 130 cm in total length, was observed moving in the leaf litter at 22:12, 4 hours after sunset and one day before the first quarter moon. The snake did not react to a camera flash or light from a headlamp and continued its movement slowly away from the trail. The eyes of the snake were metallic blue in the glare of the of the headlamp. Submitted by Karl Questel (St. Jean, St. Barthelemy, Guadeloupe, 97133, French West Indies, karlquestel@gmail.com). [Questel K. 2013. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Behavior. Caribbean Herpetology 48:1].

Lepidodactylus lugubris image

Number 47 (28 October 2013)
Lepidodactylus lugubris (Mourning Gecko). Category: Distribution. Dates of observation: four, between 28 July 2011 and 30 September 2013. Location: Guadeloupe, Basse Terre, Lachaise. Coordinates: 16.317389, -61.697778Map these coordinates. Elevation: 62 m. Voucher: image by P. Parmentier. This invasive species has been reported at several locations on Grande Terre, Guadeloupe (O. Lorvelec, A. Levesque, and A. M. Bauer, 2011, Herpetology Notes, 4: 291-294; R. Gomès, and B. Ibéné, 2013, Caribbean Herpetology, 44:1). Here, we confirm that it is now established on Basse Terre. Adults and juveniles were seen inside and outside of a house in Lachaise. Another introduced gecko, Hemidactylus mabouia, was present but no interactions between the two species were observed. Submitted by Patrick Parmentier (Lachaise, Sainte-Rose, 97115, Guadeloupe, French West Indies [FWI], patrick-parmentier@orange.fr); Béatrice Ibéné (Association L’ASFA : Morne Burat 971780 SAINTE-ANNE, Guadeloupe, FWI, beatrice.ibene@wanadoo.fr), Régis Gomès (Association L’ASFA : Morne Burat 971780 SAINTE-ANNE, Guadeloupe, FWI, mabuya971@gmail.com). [Parmentier P., Ibéné B., Gomès R. 2013. Lepidodactylus lugubris (Mourning Gecko). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 47:1].

Spondylurus magnacruzae image

Number 46 (27 September 2013)
Spondylurus magnacruzae (Greater Saint Croix Skink). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 19 June 1987. Location: U.S. Virgin Islands; Saint Croix, Green Cay. Coordinates: 17.7657, -64.6663Map these coordinates. Elevation: 17 m. Voucher: image. This is only known photograph of a living individual and only the third sighting of the species since 1882. One specimen was collected in 1964 on Green Cay (Hedges, B. & Conn, C.E., 2012, A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands [Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae], Zootaxa, 3288, 1-244.) and the other sighting was also made on Green Cay, in September 2000 (Evans MA, et al., 2010, Sandy Point, Green Cay and Buck Island National Wildlife Refuges. Conservation Action Plan. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 264 p.). There is no record of a skink (any species) from the main island of Saint Croix since 1882 (Hedges & Conn 2012). Green Cay (5.7 hectares) is a small islet only 450 m off the NE coast of Saint Croix. The sighting reported here (in 1987) was made in early afternoon (13:45 hrs) after a rain, in woodland habitat (primarily Cordia rickseckeri, with some C. alba) near the highest point on the island (southern end). The Saint Croix Ameiva (Ameiva polops) was found in the same habitat. Trees averaged 14 cm in diameter at breast height, with a density of 5-16 per 100 m2. Shrubs (Oplonia) comprised 5-35% cover, and there was no grass cover. The soil was loose, easily dug by hand. The animal in the photo here possesses several typical characteristics of the species, including sharp, bold lateral stripes, reduced dorsolateral stripes, and a small ear opening, which distinguishes it from its closest relative Spondylurus spilonotus, occurring elsewhere in the Virgin Islands. The individual, a female, was 131 mm total length, 72 mm snout-vent length, and weighed 13 grams. It differs in many ways from the other species of skink on Saint Croix, Capitellum parvicruzae (Lesser Saint Croix Skink), which has a short head and greatly reduced hands, feet, and digits (Hedges & Conn 2012). Capitellum parvicruzae has not been seen since the holotype and only specimen was collected in 1875 (Hedges & Conn 2012). The introduction of the Small Indian Mongoose to Caribbean islands in the late nineteenth Century has been directly implicated in population reductions, extirpations, and extinctions of many species of reptiles, including 38 species of skinks (Hedges & Conn 2012). Herpetologists have visited the main island of Saint Croix and its islets, including Green Cay, since the last sightings of skinks (both species) and no individuals have been seen. However, these two species were not recognized taxonomically until 2012, and therefore concerted and thorough searches are needed before they should be considered extinct. Photographed by A. J. Meier. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu), and Albert J. Meier (Western Kentucky University, Department of Biology, Bowling Green, Kentucky, 42101, USA, albert.meier@wku.edu). [Hedges SB, Meier AJ. 2013. Spondylurus magnacruzae (Greater Saint Croix Skink). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 46:1].

Ameiva polops image

Number 45 (27 September 2013)
Ameiva polops (Saint Croix Ameiva). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 13 May 2013. Location: Protestant Cay, U.S. Virgin Islands. Coordinates: 17.749293, -64.703005Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. Predation pressure from introduced mammals (e.g., Rattus rattus) threatens Ameiva polops populations on three of four off-shore islets where it occurs (St. Croix Ground Lizard 5-Year Review, 2013, USFWS). During the course of routine lizard monitoring on Protestant Cay during May 2013, I observed and examined one adult Ameiva polops (52.5 mm SVL) with a bifurcated tail. I observed four additional adult lizards, or 12.8% of 39 lizards observed on Protestant Cay, with bifurcated tails. During the same month, I observed 46 individuals on Buck Island Reef National Monument (BUIS) and 41 individuals on Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge (GCNWR) with intact tails or tail-loss resulting in a single regenerated tail. During one visit to Ruth Island, I observed six individuals throughout the entire island which is perceived as fewer than during similar days in previous years although tail status was not noted (J. Valiulis, pers. comm). Work on insular reptiles suggests that tail furcations may result from Rattus rattus predation (Hayes, et al., 2012, Biodivers Conserv, 21:1893-1899). Protestant Cay, Ruth Island, and GCNWR have populations of Rattus rattus of unknown population density. Rattus rattus are eradicated from BUIS and there is a sustained monitoring program. Rodent management is on-going for GCNWR and Ruth Island; rats are only sporadically found during periodic trapping on GCNWR since a trapping project in 2007 removed 100 individuals, but more than 70 rats were removed on Ruth Island in 2013. No sustained rat management occurs on Protestant Cay. Rattus rattus likely threatens the Protestant Cay population of this critically endangered species, and possibly affects the Ruth Island population. Photographed by K. Auer. Submitted by Nicole F. Angeli (Texas A&M University, 221 Old Heep Building, College Station, Texas, 77843, USA, nangeli@tamu.edu) [Angeli NF. 2012. Ameiva polops (Saint Croix Ameiva). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 45:1].

Lepidodactylus lugubris image

Number 44 (27 September 2013)
Lepidodactylus lugubris (Mourning Gecko). Category: Distribution. Dates of observation: 24 December 2011 and 13 May 2013, respectively. Locations: Guadeloupe, Grande Terre, Pointe-à-Pitre, Chanzy (16.242286, -61.537800, 8 m)Map these coordinates, and Le Gosier, Pointe de la Verdure (16.205556, -61.499222, 12 m)Map these coordinates. Voucher: image by B. Ibéné. Following the observations made in 2010 and 2011 in the municipality of Les Abymes (O. Lorvelec, A. Levesque and A. M. Bauer, 2011, Herpetology Notes, 4: 291-294), we made two additional observations in two new municipalities. These indicate that this species is established in Guadeloupe, on the island of Grande Terre. The first observation concerns a specimen found dead in a gymnasium at Pointe-à-Pitre. It was captured, preserved in alcohol, and deposited at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle of Paris by O. Lorvelec. Voucher: Image by R. Gomès. The second observation concerns two specimens observed on the walls of a house on the coast of Pointe de la Verdure, Le Gosier. These specimens were photographed, captured and filmed. Submitted by Régis Gomès (ASFA, regis.gomes@hotmail.fr), Béatrice Ibéné (ASFA, beatrice.ibene@wanadoo.fr). L’Association pour la Sauvegarde et la réhabilitation de la Faune des Antilles: Morne Burat 971780 SAINTE-ANNE Guadeloupe-FWI). [Gomès R., Ibéné B. 2013. Lepidodactylus lugubris (Mourning Gecko). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 44:1].

Mabuya desiradae image

Number 43 (27 September 2013)
Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink). Category: Distribution. Dates of observation: 27, 28, and 29 April 2013. Location: Guadeloupe, La Désirade. Coordinates: 16.308167 -61.048528 (30m)Map these coordinates, 16.307306 -61.051556 (37m)Map these coordinates, 16.325222 -61.045028 (200m)Map these coordinates, 16.3255 -61.045306 (200m)Map these coordinates, 16.301591 -61.084700 (45m)Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. These new records extend the distribution of the species and confirm its survival. Previously, the species was observed three times on the island of Désirade: two specimens were collected in 1963 by Albert Schwartz and Richard Thomas (Hedges SB & Conn CE, 2012, A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands [Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae], Zootaxa, 3288, 1-244); one individual was observed in 2000 (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris, MNHN, 339 p.) and one individual was observed in 2010 (Paré T, Lorvelec O. 2012. Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 38:1). These recent observations concern five individuals from the plateau of the island (Grand Bassin), the south-west slope (Morne Blanc) and the south coast in dry limestone forest (near Pointe du Désert). This is the first report of this species from two regions (Grand Bassin and Morne Blanc). They were observed in the morning and in the afternoon (10h-16h), basking in the sun on leaf litter. When approached they retreated into their hole or into thick leaf litter (of Coccoloba uvera or Coccoloba pubescens). Four individuals were photographed, including one female who appeared pregnant. The Small Indian Mongoose (Urva auropunctata) is absent on la Désirade but introduced Roof Rat (Rattus rattus) is common and Racoons (Procyon lotor ex Procyon minor) are more often observed on this island. Photographed by R. Gomès and B. Ibéné. Submitted by Régis Gomès (L’ASFA, mabuya971@gmail.fr), Béatrice Ibéné (L’ASFA, beatrice.ibene@wanadoo.fr). L’Association pour la Sauvegarde et la réhabilitation de la Faune des Antilles: Morne Burat 971780 SAINTE-ANNE Guadeloupe-FWI). [Gomès R., Ibéné B. 2013. Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 43:1].

Anolis equestris image

Number 42 (1 September 2013)
Anolis equestris (Cuban Giant Anole). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 26 August 2013. Location: Lorient, Saint-Barthélemy. Coordinates: 17.905417, -62.822692.Map these coordinates Voucher: image. Following a call from a resident, an adult male Cuban Giant Anole was captured in the area of Lorient on the island of Saint-Barthélemy. The lizard was on a Noni Tree (Morinda citrifolia), and according the residents it pursued a juvenile Lesser Antillean Iguana. Found near a tree nursery, it probably arrived on the island hidden in plants from Florida, as have Cuban Treefrogs (Osteopilus septentrionalis) and Red Corn Snakes (Pantherophis guttatus). This is the first record of this species on the Island of Saint-Barthélemy. Submitted by David Lédée (davidledeesbh@gmail.com) and Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com). [Lédée D, Questel K. 2013. Anolis equestris (Cuban Giant Anole). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 42:1].

Ialtris dorsalis image

Number 41 (28 August 2013)
Ialtris dorsalis (Hispaniolan W-headed Racer). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 15 July 2013. Location: Dominican Republic, Pedernales, 13.5 km N of Pedernales. Coordinates: 18.15542, -71.75797.Map these coordinates Elevation: 773 m. Voucher: image. This is a new locality for a rarely seen species of snake endemic to Hispaniola, filling in a distributional gap. Large racer snakes like this species have nearly disappeared from the island, apparently because of predation by the invasive mongoose, which is also diurnal and ground-dwelling (Powell R, Ottenwalder JA, Inchaustegui SJ, Henderson RW, Glor RE, 2000, Amphibians and reptiles of the Dominican Republic: species of special concern, Oryx, 34, 118-128). Photographed by Jeffery P. Corneil. Submitted by Stesha A. Pasachnik (Institute for Conservation Research, San Diego Zoo Global, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027, USA, sapasachnik@gmail.com), Rosanna Carreras De León (Biological Sciences, Mississippi State University, PO Box GY, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA), and Jeffery P. Corneil (Biology Department, Truman State University, 3036 Magruder Hall, Kirksville, MO 63501, USA). [Pasachnik et al. 2013. Ialtris dorsalis (Hispaniolan W-headed Racer). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 41:1].

Spondylurus nitidus image

Number 40 (6 August 2013)
Spondylurus nitidus (Puerto Rican Skink). Category: Conservation. Dates of observation: 4 June 2012, 4 October 2012, and 4 May 2013. Location: Guajataca State Forest, northwestern Puerto Rico. Coordinates: 18.420369, -66.966767.Map these coordinates Voucher: image. Previously, this Puerto Rican endemic species had not been reliably reported from the island since 1980 (Hedges SB & Conn CE, 2012, A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands [Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae], Zootaxa, 3288, 1-244). One individual of this species was photographed on each of three visits to the area, which is in humid limestone forest. Approximately 30-40 lizards were seen at this general location since September 2011. They were most easily observed in the morning (0800-1200 hours), usually basking in the sun on limestone boulders, leaf litter, and fallen tree trunks. Lizards were not seen during cloudy, overcast conditions, especially in afternoons. When approached they often retreated into crevices, holes, and deep leaf litter. The introduced mongoose, believed to be the major threat to the survival of the species (Hedges SB & Conn CE, 2012), was not observed in the area. Submitted by Alejandro J Sanchez (Condominio Los Olmos, Apto. 3-G, 36 Calle Nevarez, San Juan, PR 00927, USA, ajtgsm@onelinkpr.net). [Sanchez AJ. 2013. Spondylurus nitidus (Puerto Rican Skink). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 40:1].

Spondylurus martinae image

Number 39 (23 April 2013)
Spondylurus martinae (Saint Martin Skink). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 10 March 2013. Location: Saint-Martin (French Side), Île Tintamarre. Coordinates: 18.12, -62.982Map these coordinates. Elevation: 13 m. Voucher: image. This is the first sighting of this native species on Île Tintamarre (1.20 km²), a currently uninhabited French islet located 2.9 km east of the main island of Saint Martin. The coastal strip of Tintamarre belongs to the Conservatoire du Littoral (coastal protection agency) and is a part of Saint-Martin's Nature Reserve. The inner area, including the largest part of the skink’s habitat, belongs to a private owner. During 8-10 March, 2013, we made ten observations of skinks on dry stone walls, corresponding to at least eight different individuals. Based on photographs, we tentatively assigned this population to the Saint Martin Skink, Spondylurus martinae, described in 2012 based on old specimens collected twice: once in the 19th century and a second time around 1965 (Hedges, B. & Conn, C.E., 2012, A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands [Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae], Zootaxa, 3288, 1-244.) Hedges & Conn assessed S. martinae to be critically endangered, and possibly extinct, mainly due to predation by the Small Indian Mongoose (Urva auropunctata), introduced on Saint Martin Island at the end of the 19th century. Mongooses are absent on Tintamarre, as is the case on Terre de Bas (Guadeloupe: îles de La Petite Terre) where there is a skink population tentatively assigned to Mabuya desiradae (Lorvelec, O., 2011, Mabuya mabouya [Lesser Antillean Skink], conservation, Caribbean Herpetology, 2:19). On these two islets, dry-stone walls probably provide last refugia for skinks against the introduced Roof Rat (Rattus rattus). Photographed by B. Pisanu at 09:35. Submitted by Olivier Lorvelec (INRA, UMR0985 Ecologie et Sante des Ecosystemes, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, Bretagne, 35000, France, Olivier.Lorvelec@rennes.inra.fr), Benoit Pisanu (MNHN, UMR7204 Conservation des Especes, CNRS-P6, 61 rue Buffon, Paris, Ile-de-France, 75231, France, esnm2@mnhn.fr), Aurelien Schmitt (4 rue Jean Le Moal, Vannes, Bretagne, 56000, France, aurelienschmitt.1@gmail.com), Tommy Vallon (22 residence Ezana, Saint-Francois, Guadeloupe, 97118, France, tommy971@hotmail.com). [Lorvelec O, Pisanu B, Schmitt A, Vallon T. 2013. Spondylurus martinae (Saint Martin Skink). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 39:1].

Mabuya desiradae image

Number 38 (2 October 2012)
Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 7 February 2009. Location: Guadeloupe, La Désirade. Coordinates: 16.31, -61.0623Map these coordinates. Elevation: 200 m. Voucher: image. This represents only the third time that this threatened species has been encountered on La Désirade. Previously, two specimens were collected in 1963 by Albert Schwartz and Richard Thomas (Hedges, B. & Conn, C.E., 2012, A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands [Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae], Zootaxa, 3288, 1-244). One individual was observed in 2000 (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris, MNHN, 339 p.). The skink population that lives on Terre de Bas, Îles de la Petite Terre (Lorvelec, O. 2011. Mabuya mabouya [Lesser Antillean Skink], conservation, Caribbean Herpetology, 2:19), located 13 km from La Désirade, was tentatively assigned to this species (Hedges, B. & Conn, C.E., 2012). This recent observation of a single individual was made on the southwest slope of the plateau of La Désirade, where the habitat is open forest, with a sparse, low, vegetation and a substrate of leaf litter and dead wood on alveolar limestone. Photographed by T. Paré, at 16:00 hrs. Submitted by Thomas Paré (Le Peuch, Brive-la-Gaillarde, Limousin, 19100, France, tom.pare@laposte.net), Olivier Lorvelec (INRA, UMR985, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, Bretagne, 35000, France, Olivier.Lorvelec@rennes.inra.fr). [Paré T, Lorvelec O. 2012. Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 38:1].

Pantherophis guttatus image

Number 37 (27 August 2012)
Pantherophis guttatus (Corn Snake). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 23 August 2012. Location: Ponte-Milou, Saint-Barthélemy. Coordinates: 17.918611, -62.814722.Map these coordinates Voucher: image. Since this species was observed for the first time on Saint-Barthélemy in 1995 (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 339 p.), 15 specimens have been found, mostly adults. The first juvenile was found dead in November 2011 (Questel K, 2012, Contribution à la connaissance d’Alsophis rijgersmaei [Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae] sur l’île de Saint-Barthélemy, Gustavia, Saint-Barthélemy: Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy & ALSOPHIS, 24 p). The discovery of this second juvenile indicates that the species has become established on the island. It is currently too early to know the impact of this invasive snake on local biodiversity. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com), Amarilli Vitry (amarillisbh@gmail.com). [Questel K, Vitry A. 2012. Pantherophis guttatus (Corn Snake). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 37:1].

Gymnophthalmus underwoodi image

Number 36 (16 August 2012)
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 23 June 2012. Location: Petit Cul-de-sac, Saint-Barthélemy. Coordinates: 17.9055, -62.793194Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. This is the first record for this species in Saint-Barthélemy. The first individual was seen crossing a road, and 32 other individuals were observed along 500 meters of the same road. An adult Ameiva Plei ate one of them. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com), Jennifer Boggio (asso.alsophis@gmail.com). [Questel K, Boggio J. 2012. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 36:1].

Spondylurus powelli image

Number 35 (14 June 2012)
Spondylurus powelli (Anguilla Bank Skink). Category: reproduction. Date of observation: 13 June 2012. Location: Saint-Barthélemy; Lurin. Coordinates: 17.891806, -62.842917Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. On 5 June 2012, a female was captured in the district of Lurin. Seeing that she was pregnant, she was held in captivity. The female’s weight at the time of capture was 9 g, SVL 70 mm (mass to the nearest 0.5 g, length to the nearest mm). On 13 June 2012, she give birth to three young: SVL 34 mm, 1 g; 34 mm, 0.5 g; 36 mm, 1 g. Maternal weight after delivery was 6 g. A few minutes after birth, young and mother ate termites, although the female had refused to eat three days earlier. This is the first report of reproduction in this species. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com), Jennifer Boggio (asso.alsophis@gmail.com). [Questel K, Boggio J. 2012. Spondylurus powelli (Anguilla Bank Skink). Reproduction. Caribbean Herpetology 35:1].

Sphaerodactylus sputator image

Number 34 (12 June 2012)
Sphaerodactylus sputator (Leeward Banded Sphaero). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 27 April 2012. Locations: Saint-Barthélemy; Gros îlet, Îlet Tortue, Îlet Petit Jean, Îlet Frégate, Îlet Bonhomme, Îlet Coco, and Îlet Toc-vers. Coordinates: Gros îlet, 17.90063, -62.86066Map these coordinates; Îlet Tortue, 17.919, -62.799Map these coordinates; Îlet Petit Jean, 17.920528, -62.876194Map these coordinates; Îlet Frégate, 17.939917, -62.833833Map these coordinates; Îlet Bonhomme, 17.933278, -62.851528Map these coordinates; Îlet Coco; 17.874278, -62.813222Map these coordinates; Îlet Toc-vers, 17.943056, -62.818361Map these coordinates. Voucher: image (Îlet Petit Jean). First record of this species on these islets of Saint-Barthélemy. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, P 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, Guastavia, Saint-Barthélemy, 971, Saint-Barthélemy, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com) [Questel K. 2012. Sphaerodactylus sputator (Leeward Banded Sphaero). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 34:1].

Anolis gingivinus image

Number 33 (12 June 2012)
Anolis gingivinus (Anguilla Bank Tree Anole). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 15 August 2011. Locations: Saint-Barthélemy; Gros îlet, Îlet Tortue, and Îlet Petit Jean. Coordinates: Gros îlet, 17.90063, -62.86066Map these coordinates; Îlet Tortue, 17.919, -62.799Map these coordinates; Îlet Petit Jean, 17.920528, -62.876194Map these coordinates; Voucher: image (Gros îlet). First record of this species on these islets of Saint-Barthélemy. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, P 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, Guastavia, Saint-Barthélemy, 971, Saint-Barthélemy, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com) [Questel K. 2012. Anolis gingivinus (Anguilla Bank Tree Anole). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 33:1].

Iguana delicatissima image

Number 32 (31 May 2012)
Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 15 May 2012. Location: Gros îlet, Saint-Barthélemy. Coordinates: 17.90063, -62.86066Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. An adult male Iguana delicatissima was found hiding under a nest of pelicans by personnel from the Nature Reserve of Saint-Barthelemy. This observation is the first for the species on this small island of 0.9 hectares generally known for its high concentration of seabirds. Submitted by Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, P 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, Guastavia, Saint-Barthélemy, 971, Saint-Barthelemy, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com), Clémence Jarry (clemjarry@hotmail.com), Anne Blanjot (anne.blanjot@neuf.fr). [Questel K, Jarry C, Blanjot A. 2012. Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 32:1].

Eleutherodactylus johnstonei image

Number 31 (10 May 2012)
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei (Lesser Antillean Frog). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 3 March 2012. Location: Guadeloupe, Les Saintes, Terre-de-Bas. Coordinates: 15.8583, -61.6236Map these coordinates. Elevation: 0 m. Voucher: image of adult by Françoise Serre-Collet. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei was found in an open field. This observation is the first for this species on Terre-de-Bas (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 339 p.) Submitted by Michel Breuil (Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Département de Systématique et d'Évolution, Amphibiens-Reptiles, 57, rue Cuvier CP n° 30, 75231 Paris, cedex 05, breuil.michel@gmail.com), Françoise Serre-Collet, Département Milieux et Peuplements aquatiques, Bâtiment Géologie CP 48, 43 rue Buffon 75231 Paris Cedex 05, serrecollet@mnhn.fr [Breuil M, Serre-Collet F, 2012. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei (Lesser Antillean Frog). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 31:1.]

Gymnophthalmus underwoodi image

Number 30 (10 May 2012)
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 22 February 2012. Location: Guadeloupe, Les Saintes, Terre-de-Haut. Coordinates: 15.8640, -61.5850Map these coordinates. Elevation: 0 m. Voucher: image of adult by Françoise Serre-Collet. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi was found in leaf litter on a beach. This observation is the first for this species in Les Saintes (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 339 p.) Submitted by Michel Breuil (Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Département de Systématique et d'Évolution, Amphibiens-Reptiles, 57, rue Cuvier CP n° 30, 75231 Paris, cedex 05, breuil.michel@gmail.com), Françoise Serre-Collet, Département Milieux et Peuplements aquatiques, Bâtiment Géologie CP 48, 43 rue Buffon 75231 Paris Cedex 05, serrecollet@mnhn.fr [Breuil M, Serre-Collet F, 2012. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 30:1.]

Iguana delicatissima image

Number 29 (26 April 2012)
Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Category: conservation. Date of observation: 9 May 2010. Location: Guadeloupe, Îles de La Petite Terre, Île de Terre de Bas. Coordinates: 16.1716, -61.1205Map these coordinates. Elevation: 3 m. Voucher: image by C. Pavis. The nature reserve of Petite Terre hosts the highest population density (Lorvelec O, Pascal M., Pavis C & Feldmann P, 2007, Applied Herpetology, 4, 131-161) of this endangered species (Breuil M, Day M & Knapp C, 2010, Iguana delicatissima, in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species). We observed a mature iguana with a trifid tail perched in a tree (Pisonia sp.). Tail furcations in insular rock iguana populations (genus Cyclura) were only recorded in populations that coexist with introduced mammalian predators, especially Ship Rats (Rattus rattus), and appeared to be results of failed predation attempts (Hayes WK, Iverson JB, Knapp CR & Carter RL, 2012, Biodivers Conserv, DOI 10.1007/s10531-012-0276-4). Our observation suggests that R. rattus might pose a potential threat to the iguana population of Petite Terre. A similar interaction probably occurred in Guadeloupe, where a 19th-century I. delicatissima with a trifid tail was reported by Brygoo (1990 '1989', Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, sér 4 A, 11(3), 3-112, p 73). Accompanied by Julien Athanase, Nicolas Barré, Joël Berchel, Mathieu Brossaud, Laurent Malglaive, and Claudie Pavis. Submitted by Olivier Lorvelec (INRA, UMR985 Écologie et Santé des Écosystèmes, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, 35000, France, Olivier.Lorvelec@rennes.inra.fr. 2012.) Iguana delicatissima (Lesser Antillean Iguana). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 29:1].

Number 28 (6 March 2012)
Hemidactylus mabouia (Tropical House Gecko). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 29 September 2011. Location: Big Ambergris Cay, Turks and Caicos Islands. Coordinates: 21.3069, -71.6313Map these coordinates. Elevation: 7 m. Voucher: specimen (MPM 33997). This is the first report of this species from Big Ambergris Cay. This introduced species is established on the larger cays of the Caicos Bank and Grand Turk, but has previously never been recorded from the southeastern margin of the Caicos Bank (Reynolds, RG and ML Niemiller. 2010. Reptiles and Amphibians 17:117-121). This species was not present during surveys of this island 2007-2010 (RGR and Glenn P. Gerber) and has probably arrived with the importation of construction material from Providenciales. It is presently restricted to the immediate area near the operations campus, although it is expected to spread. Eight individuals were seen, including juveniles, at night on the walls of buildings. One voucher (a hatchling) was collected. Submitted by R. Graham Reynolds (University of Massachusetts Boston, Dept. of Biology, 100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, Massachusetts, 02125, USA, robert.graham.reynolds@gmail.com). [Reynolds R. 2012. Hemidactylus mabouia (Tropical House Gecko). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 28:1].

Number 27 (6 March 2012)
Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Cuban Flathead Frog). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 28 September 2011. Location: Big Ambergris Cay, Turks and Caicos Islands. Coordinates: 21.3069, -71.6313Map these coordinates. Elevation: 5 m. Voucher: specimen (MPM 33996). This is the first report of this species from Big Ambergris Cay. This introduced species is established on the larger cays of the Caicos Bank and Grand Turk, but has previously never been recorded from the southeastern margin of the Caicos Bank (Reynolds, RG and ML Niemiller. 2010. Reptiles and Amphibians 17:117-121). This species was not present during surveys of this island 2007-2010 (RGR and Glenn P. Gerber) and has probably arrived with the importation of construction material from Providenciales. It is restricted to the irrigated area near the operations campus. Twelve individuals were seen, including juveniles, at night in an irrigated area with a thick mat of grass and a high density of Sphaerodactylus caicosensis. Two vouchers were collected. Submitted by R. Graham Reynolds (University of Massachusetts Boston, Dept. of Biology, 100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, Massachusetts, 02125, USA, robert.graham.reynolds@gmail.com). [Reynolds R. 2012. Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Cuban Flathead Frog). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 27:1].

Hemidactylus mabouia image

Number 26 (28 February 2012)
Hemidactylus mabouia (Tropical House Gecko). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 31 October 2011. Location: Martinique (FWI), Îlet Chancel. Coordinates: 14.691755, -60.891583Map these coordinates by Michel Breuil, one adult. 24 January 2012; Martinique (FWI), Îlet Chancel. Coordinates: 14.694416, -60.894455Map these coordinates one adult, one juvenile; 14.692472, -60.891694Map these coordinates one adult by Karl Questel and Chloé Rodrigues. Voucher: image, by K. Questal. Hemidactylus mabouia was found in or close to old buildings and ruins. These observations are the first for this species on this island, where Thecadactylus rapicauda is also present but was observed only twice in old trees. Sphaerodactylus vincenti is unknown from this islet. (Breuil M, 2011, The terrestrial herpetofauna of Martinique: Past, Present, Future. Pp. 310–338 in Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas, Volume 2, Hailey A, Wilson BS, Horrocks JA, editors, Leiden, Brill). Submitted by Michel Breuil (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Département de Systématique et d’Évolution, Amphibiens-Reptiles, UMR 7205 CNRS, rue Cuvier CP n° 30, 75231 Paris, cedex 05, breuil.michel@gmail.com), Karl Questel (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, sciencenaturestbarth@gmail.com) & Chloé Rodrigues (Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage, Cellule technique des Antilles françaises, 5 rue de la dorade. Anse à l'âne, 97229 Les Trois-Ilets. Martinique, Chloe.rodrigues@oncfs.gouv.fr.). [Breuil M, Questel K, Rodrigues C. 2012. Hemidactylus mabouia (Tropical House Gecko). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 26:1.]

Salamandra salamandra image

Number 25 (31 January 2012)
Salamandra salamandra (Fire Salamander). Category: distribution. Date of observation: 7 January 2012. Location: Saint-Barthélemy (FWI), Saint-Jean. Coordinates: 17.901144, -62.834211Map these coordinates. Voucher: preserved specimen housed in the Natural Reserve, Saint-Barthélemy. This salamander (87 mm total length) was found in a supermarket, in a plastic box with fresh salad from France (Loire-Atlantique), and it died two days later. Considering the geographic source, it is probably Salamandra salamandra terrestris. The determination of the subspecies was confirmed by Jean Raffaëlli (Les Urodèles du monde, 2007, Penclen Édition, 377 pp.). This is the first urodelan found as a stowaway in the West Indies (Powell R, Henderson WR, Farmer MC, Breuil M, Echternacht AC, Van Buurt G, Romagosa CM, & Perry G, 2011, Introduced amphibians and reptiles in the greater Caribbean: patterns and conservation implications. Pp. 63–143 in Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas, Volume 1, Hailey A, Wilson BS, Horrocks JA, editors, Leiden, Brill). Submitted by Michel Breuil (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Département de Systématique et d’Évolution, Amphibiens-Reptiles, UMR 7205 CNRS, rue Cuvier CP n° 30, 75231 Paris, cedex 05, breuil.michel@gmail.com), Jean-Claude Maille (La Clinique Vétérinaire Maille, Centre Oasis, Lorient, 97133 Saint-Barthélemy, cliniqueveterinairesbh@wanadoo.fr), & Franciane Le Quellec (La Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Barthélemy, BP 683 Gustavia, 97099 Saint-Barthélemy Cedex, managernaturestbarth@gmail.com). [Breuil M, Maille J-C, Le Quellec F. 2012. Salamandra salamandra (Fire Salamander). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 25:1.]

Liophis juliae image

Number 24 (17 August 2011)
Liophis juliae (Leeward Groundsnake). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 30 October 2010. Location: Guadeloupe, Saint-Anne, Burat. Coordinates: 16.14003, -61.23501Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. Verified by Michel Breuil. New observation of Liophis juliae copeae on Guadeloupe, where the species is considered to be "very rare" (Lorvelec et al., 2007. Applied Herpetology 4:131-161). This species was observed at 11:35 h after a brief rain, hidden under stones and showing only its head. There was just enough time to take a picture and then the snake disappeared under the stones, not to be seen again. Submitted by Karl Questel (St. Jean, St. Barthelemy, Guadeloupe, 97133, France, karlquestel@gmail.com). [Questel K. 2011. Liophis juliae (Leeward Groundsnake). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 24:1].

Alsophis rijgersmaei image

Number 23 (17 August 2011)
Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 15 August 2011. Location: St. Barthelemy, Îlet Tortue. Coordinates: 17.919, -62.799Map these coordinates. Voucher: image. In a grass field on the Îlet Tortue, I observed a shed skin of a snake, probably of the species Alsophis rijgersmaei; a species also present on the main island of St. Barthelemy. The molt appeared old, brittle, and dried by the sun. The dense thickets on the island make research difficult and the reef limits access to the island. No living specimen has yet been observed. This is the first record of the species from Îlet Tortue. Submitted by Karl Questel (St. Jean, St. Barthelemy, Guadeloupe, 97133, France, karlquestel@gmail.com). [Questel K. 2011. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 23:1].

Osteopilus vastus image

Number 22 (20 July 2011)
Osteopilus vastus (Hispaniolan Giant Treefrog). Category: conservation. Date of observation: 6 April 2011. Location: Dominican Republic: Sánchez Ramírez; Valle El Llegal. Coordinates: 18.5311534, -70.1015859Map these coordinates. Elevation: 150 m. Voucher: image. Several adults of this endangered species (IUCN, EN) of hylid frog were observed in low vegetation along the Río El Llegal. This locality is one of several isolated sites from which the species has been reported previously that is capable of supporting a population of these frogs. Key habitat elements appear to be healthy forest associated with a flowing stream. Accompanied by Claude Gascon, Sixto J. Incháustegui, and Robert Powell. Submitted by Pedro Galvis and Yunior Vargas (Pueblo Viejo Dominicana Corporation, República Dominicana, pgalvis@barrick.com). [Galvis, P. and Y. Vargas. 2011. Osteopilus vastus (Hispaniolan Giant Treefrog). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 22:1].

Scinax ruber image

Number 21 (20 June 2011)
Scinax ruber (Red-snouted Treefrog). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 27 May 2011. Location: Puerto Rico: Cabo Rojo; Boquerón. Coordinates: 18.032011, -67.173192Map these coordinates. Elevation: 2 m. Voucher: image. After heavy rains (more than 10 inches) a small pond formed. There were five males calling and one female was seen. Land usage is for cattle pasture, with scattered trees. This is a range extension for this introduced, invasive, species to the southwestern corner of the island. Identification verified by Jose A. Colon. Submitted by Alcides L. Morales (Puerto Rican Ornithological Society Inc., 1605 Carr 477, Quebradillas, Puerto Rico, 678, Puerto Rico, alcidesl.morales@yahoo.com). [Morales AL. 2011. Scinax ruber (Red-snouted Treefrog). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 21:1].

Osteopilus septentrionalis image

Number 20 (20 June 2011)
Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban Treefrog). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 17 May 2011. Location: Puerto Rico: Cabo Rojo; Boquerón. Coordinates: 18.032011, -67.173192Map these coordinates. Elevation: 2 m. Voucher: image. After heavy rains (more than 4 inches) at least three males were calling from a tree, above a pool of water. This is a range extension for this introduced, invasive, species to the southwestern corner of the island. Identification verified by Jose A. Colon. Submitted by Alcides L. Morales (Puerto Rican Ornithological Society Inc., 1605 Carr 477, Quebradillas, Puerto Rico, 678, Puerto Rico, alcidesl.morales@yahoo.com). [Morales AL. 2011. Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban Treefrog). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 20:1].

Mabuya desiradae image

Number 19 (14 February 2011)
Mabuya mabouya (Lesser Antillean Skink)*. Category: conservation. Date of observation: 9 May 2010. Location: Guadeloupe: îles de la Petite Terre; île de Terre de Bas. Coordinates: 16.17, -61.121Map these coordinates. Elevation: 3 m. Voucher: image. This native species has become very rare on Guadeloupe where it was recorded only twice in recent years, on Terre de Bas of Petite Terre in 1998 (Lorvelec O, Pascal M., Pavis C & Feldmann P, 2007, Amphibians and reptiles of the French West Indies: Inventory, threats and conservation, Applied Herpetology, 4, 131-161) and on La Désirade in 2000 (Breuil M, 2002, Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupéen, Paris: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 339 p.). We observed one individual on 9 May 2010 (10:40) and four individuals on 10 May 2010 (08:00-08:30), all isolated and exposed on the side of a dry-stone wall. This observation is encouraging because it indicates that the population persists on this island, which is part of a national nature reserve, despite the presence of black rats (Rattus rattus), a potential threat. Accompanied by Joël Berchel, Claudie Pavis, and Mathieu Brossaud. Submitted by Olivier Lorvelec (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR Ecologie et Santé des Ecosystèmes, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, Bretagne, 35000, France, Olivier.Lorvelec@rennes.inra.fr). [Lorvelec O. 2011. Mabuya mabouya (Greater Martinique Skink). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 19:1]. *Editorial note: the species in this article has been reclassified as Mabuya desiradae (Désirade Skink).

Osteopilus septentrionalis image

Number 18 (16 December 2010)
Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban Treefrog). Category: distribution. Dates, locations (all in Puerto Rico), and elevations: 20 January 2007, San Juan Bay, Isla Grande (18.45895, -66.10224Map these coordinates), 2 m; 21 January 2007, Crash Boat Beach, Aguadilla (18.45838, -67.16299Map these coordinates), 6 m; 5 July 2007, Laguna 1, Dorado (18.40539, -66.28718Map these coordinates), 82 m; 23 October 2009, Jardines Metropolitanos, Río Piedras (18.4001, -66.06323Map these coordinates), 9 m; and 27 November 2010, Manatee Conservation Center of the Interamerican University, Barrio Cana, Bayamón (18.354836, -66.182139Map these coordinates), 90 m. Voucher: image (Dorado). These new records document the expansion of this invasive species in Puerto Rico. Thanks to Héctor Osorio, Anabelle Pabón, Jesús A. Rodriguez, Sonia Seda, and Antonio Mignucci. Accompanied by Celia A. Puerta. Submitted by Alberto R. Estrada (Productions eleuth Inc., PMB 256-35 JC de Borbon, Ste. 67, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, 00969, peleuth@gmail.com). [Estrada AR. 2010. Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban Treefrog). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 18:1].

Eleutherodactylus coqui image

Number 17 (13 December 2010)
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Puerto Rican Frog). Category: Behavior. Date of observation: 12 June 2008. Location: Puerto Rico: El yunque; Río Grande. Coordinates: 18.29755, -65.7944Map these coordinates. Elevation: 859 m. Voucher: image. This is a report of snail-feeding in Eleutherodactylus coqui. Along Route 191 near Pico El Yunque; at night, we observed a female E. coqui trying to swallow a gastropod mollusk (Platysuccinea portoricensis) in the bottom of a ravine and about 20 m from the road. The frog measured 47.6 mm SVL, with a mass of 7.2 g. The mollusk's shell measured 18.2 mm (diameter) by 11.0 mm (height) and had a mass of 1.5 g. This is the first record of feeding by E. coqui on this species of snail. A previous record of snail-feeding by E. coqui involved snails of the genus Caracolus (R. L. Joglar, 1998, Los Coquíes de Puerto Rico, Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, p. 40.). Both the frog and the snail were collected and preserved after being photographed. Accompanied by Miguel Acevedo and M. Isabel Herrera (University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras). Submitted by Alberto R. Estrada (Productions eleuth Inc., PMB 256-35 JC de Borbon, Ste. 67, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, 00969, peleuth@gmail.com). [Estrada AR. 2010. Eleutherodactylus coqui (Puerto Rican Frog). Behavior. Caribbean Herpetology 17:1].

Number 16 (13 December 2010)
Eleutherodactylus juanariveroi (Puerto Rican Wetland Frog). Category: Reproduction. Date of observation: 18 June 2007. Location: Puerto Rico: Sabana Seca; Toa Baja. Coordinates: 18.43466, -66.2047Map these coordinates. Elevation: 2 m. Voucher: video. This report documents vocalization behavior in male Eleutherodactylus juanariveroi. The frog was observed vocalizing from the frond of a fern (Thelypteris interrupta) in the swamp of Sabana Seca, approximately 0.8 m above the water. Another individual, a male very close to a clutch of eggs of this species, was attached to the interior leaf petiole of Sagittaria lancifolia in the fresh water marsh, just a few centimeters above the water surface. Other amphibian species calling were Eleutherodactylus coqui, E. cochranae and Leptodactylus albilabris. Thanks to Neftalí Ríos, and Alberto Estrada Puerta. Submitted by Alberto R. Estrada (Productions eleuth Inc., PMB 256-35 JC de Borbon, Ste. 67, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, 00969, peleuth@gmail.com). [Estrada AR. 2010. Eleutherodactylus juanariveroi (Puerto Rican Wetland Frog). Reproduction. Caribbean Herpetology 16:1].

Number 15 (24 November 2010)
Typhlops platycephalus (Puerto Rican White-tailed Blindsnake). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 7 December 2007. Location: Turks and Caicos Islands; Big Ambergris Cay. Coordinates: 21.321, -71.625Map these coordinates. Elevation: 4 m. Voucher: image. This is a range extension for this species in the Caicos Islands. One individual encountered active on the surface at 2315 hours in a karst field with Turks Head Cactus. Photographed and released at capture site. Color Photo Voucher APSU 18948. Verified by B. N. Manco and S. Blair Hedges. 20 March 2009. One individual encountered under a rock partially buried in sandy soil at the base of a hill. These observations extend the known range of this species to the southeastern margin of the Caicos Bank. Submitted by R. Graham Reynolds (University of Tennessee, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 569 Dabney Hall, Knoxville, Tennessee, 37996, USA, rgraham@utk.edu), Matthew L. Niemiller. [Reynolds RG, Niemiller ML. 2010. Typhlops platycephalus (Puerto Rican White-tailed Blindsnake). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 15:1].

Number 14 (24 November 2010)
Epicrates chrysogaster (Southern Bahamas Boa). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 8 August 2008. Location: Turks and Caicos: Gibbs Cay. Coordinates: 21.4418, -71.112Map these coordinates. Elevation: 5 m. This is the first report of E. chrysogaster on the Turks Bank since the original description. The endemic subspecies E. c. chrysogaster was first described by Cope (1871) based on an individual from Turks Island, which has been taken to refer to what is now Grand Turk. Since this description this species has not been recorded on Grand Turk, and was thought to have been extirpated from the Turks bank. On August 08, 2008 we discovered four individuals on Gibbs Cay, a small island 1.5 km SE of Grand Turk. Two males (one SVL 629 mm) and two females (SVL 596 mm and 520 mm) were located under cover during a diurnal herpetofaunal survey of that island. Submitted by R. Graham Reynolds (University of Tennessee, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 569 Dabney Hall, Knoxville, Tennessee, 37996, USA, rgraham@utk.edu), Matthew L. Niemiller. [Reynolds RG, Niemiller ML. 2010. Epicrates chrysogaster (Southern Bahamas Boa). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 14:1].

Borikenophis portoricensis image

Number 13 (24 November 2010)
Borikenophis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Racer). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 10 January 2008. Location: Puerto Rico: Cayo Luis Peña. Coordinates: 18.3114, -65.3322Map these coordinates. Elevation: 0 m. Voucher: image. This is the first record of the species on Culebrita. The snake was moving in forest leaf litter in a coastal forest. The goats present on the island disturb the leaf litter and eat much of the understory vegetation. Submitted by Christian Torres-Santana (University of Hawaii, 3190 Maile Way, Honolulu, Hawaii, 96822, USA, cwts@hawaii.edu). [Torres-Santana C. 2010. Borikenophis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Racer). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 13:1].

Gymnophthalmus underwoodi image

Number 12 (1 September 2010)
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 9 September 2009. Location: St. Kitts. Voucher: image. This is the first record of this species for the island of St. Kitts. It has been introduced on other islands in the West indies. Individuals of this species have been seen in Basseterre and at Camps. Species identification was made by Robert W. Henderson (Milwaukee Public Museum). Submitted by Kathleen Orchard (St. Christopher National Trust, P. O. Box 888, Bay Road, Basseterre, St. Kitts, orchards@sisterisles.kn). [Orchard K. 2010. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 12:1].

Number 11 (1 September 2010)
Chelonoidis carbonaria (Red-footed Tortoise). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 27 April 2009. Location: St. Kitts. Individuals are being maintained at several places in Basseterre, as well as in Bourryeau and Camps. This species has been introduced on other islands in the West Indies. Its presence on St. Kitts has been noted previously (B. Horwith and K. Lindsay, 1999, A biodiversity profile of St. Kitts and Nevis, Eastern Caribbean Biodiversity Programme, St. John's, Antigua) but no localities were given. Submitted by Kathleen Orchard (St. Christopher National Trust, P. O. Box 888, Bay Road, Basseterre, St. Kitts, orchards@sisterisles.kn). [Orchard K. 2010. Chelonoidis carbonaria (Red-footed Tortoise). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 11:1].

Ramphotyphlops braminus image

Number 10 (1 September 2010)
Ramphotyphlops braminus (Flowerpot Blindsnake). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 7 August 2009. Location: St. Kitts. Voucher: image. This is the first record of this species for the island of St. Kitts. It has been introduced in many parts of the world, and on other islands in the West indies. Two individuals of this species were brought into the office of the St. Christopher National Trust office in Basseterre, St. Kitts. The exact locality where they were collected is unknown, and no other individuals have been seen or reported since then. Species identification was made by Robert W. Henderson (Milwaukee Public Museum). Submitted by Kathleen Orchard (St. Christopher National Trust, P. O. Box 888, Bay Road, Basseterre, St. Kitts, orchards@sisterisles.kn). [Orchard K. 2010. Ramphotyphlops braminus (Flowerpot Blindsnake). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 10:1].

Eleutherodactylus paulsoni image

Number 9 (26 August 2010)
Eleutherodactylus paulsoni (Hispaniolan Pink-rumped Frog). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 26 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Grand'Anse; 3.8 km N Dame-Marie. Coordinates: 18.57, -74.417Map these coordinates. Elevation: 34 m. Voucher: video. This IUCN critically endangered (CR) species has not been seen in about 20 years. It has a wider distribution than most other CR species, being recorded throughout the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti, but for an unexplained reason it has been rarely encountered in the last three decades. It was found in rotting palm tree vegetation and leaf litter in a forest. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Eleutherodactylus paulsoni (Hispaniolan Pink-rumped Frog). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 9:1].

Sphaerodactylus copei image

Number 8 (26 August 2010)
Sphaerodactylus copei (Haitian Big-scaled Sphaero). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 20 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Sud; 4.0 km E Les Anglais. Coordinates: 18.29685, -74.188717Map these coordinates. Elevation: 77 m. Voucher: video. This species of gecko has been partitioned into nine subspecies in arelatively small area, the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. This specimen representsonly the second known locality of S. c. websteri, collected in 1970 in nearby Les Anglais (type locality). This specimen was found under a dead agave on anopen slope. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Sphaerodactylus copei (Haitian Big-scaled Sphaero). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 8:1].

Number 7 (26 August 2010)
Anolis coelestinus (Southern Green Anole). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 23 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Sud; Coteaux. Coordinates: 18.21355, -74.0381Map these coordinates. Elevation: 7 m. Voucher: video. Surprisingly only two localities for this species are known on the entire southern coast of the distal Tiburon Peninsula between Les Cayes and Dame-Marie. This record fills a gap along that coast. Several individuals werefound sleeping on vegetation at night, along a side road on the outskirts of Coteaux. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Anolis coelestinus (Southern Green Anole). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 7:1].

Ameiva taeniura image

Number 6 (26 August 2010)
Ameiva taeniura (Hispaniolan Blue-tailed Ameiva). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 23 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Sud; 0.4 km E Carpentier. Coordinates: 18.1326, -73.94442Map these coordinates. Elevation: 38 m. Voucher: video. This is a new locality for the species, on the western periphery ofthe distribution of A. t. regnatrix. It was found under a large rock on an openslope. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Ameiva taeniura (Hispaniolan Blue-tailed Ameiva). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 6:1].

Eleutherodactylus caribe image

Number 5 (26 August 2010)
Eleutherodactylus caribe (Haitian Marsh Frog). Category: Reproduction. Date of observation: 26 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Sud; ca. 2 km S Dame-Marie. Coordinates: 18.54587, -74.43422Map these coordinates. Elevation: 2 m. Voucher: video. Egg mass of this species was observed glued to a large, vertical, ovate-shaped leaf of a freshwater marsh plant about 1 m above the water level. Photographs and video were taken. Females and calling males were found nearby, immediately after dark, along with calling males of Osteopilus pulchrilineatus. Calling males of E. caribe were seen most often on leaves of the same marsh plant, but they were also seen on stems of grass and twigs from the level of the water up to about 1.5 m above the water. This is apparently the first time that this species has been observed since it was discovered in 1991. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Eleutherodactylus caribe (Haitian Marsh Frog). Reproduction. Caribbean Herpetology 5:1].

Sphaerodactylus elegans image

Number 4 (26 August 2010)
Sphaerodactylus elegans (Ashy Sphaero). Category: Distribution. Date of observation: 19 July 2010. Location: Haiti: Sud; 3 km N Port Salut. Coordinates: 18.10913, -73.94302Map these coordinates. Elevation: 9 m. Voucher: image. Unpatterned adults of this species were seen active on the wall of a hotel at night, around lights. The species is known from throughout the Tiburon peninsula of Haiti and therefore this locality record is not unexpected. Accompanied by Richard Thomas. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Sphaerodactylus elegans (Ashy Sphaero). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 4:1].

Osteopilus vastus image

Number 3 (21 August 2010)
Osteopilus vastus (Hispaniolan Giant Treefrog). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 21 November 2009. Location: Haiti: L'Ouest; Furcy. Coordinates: 18.42025, -72.29787Map these coordinates. Elevation: 1590 m. Voucher: image. Several adults of this endangered species (IUCN, EN) of hylid frog were observed around a hotel at this locality, showing that it still survives in Haiti. They were located near artificial sources of standing water. No individuals of this species were observed or heard at other locations visited in the Massif de la Selle. Accompanied by Elisabeth Rochel, Richard Thomas, and Eladio Fernandez. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Osteopilus vastus (Hispaniolan Giant Treefrog). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 3:1].

Number 2 (21 August 2010)
Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides (La Selle Grass Frog). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 20 November 2009. Location: Haiti: L'Ouest; 5 km S Furcy. Coordinates: 18.3949, -72.2409Map these coordinates. Elevation: 1586 m. This critically endangered species (IUCN, CR) was last found at this locality on 9 July 1985 but we did not see or hear it calling this evening. Frog activity was reduced, but we encountered E. audanti, E. furcyensis, and E. inoptatus. The rainy season had ended early and conditions were unusually dry, which may explain reduced frog activity. Accompanied by Elisabeth Rochel, Richard Thomas, and Eladio Fernandez. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides (La Selle Grass Frog). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 2:1].

Number 1 (21 August 2010)
Eleutherodactylus jugans (La Selle Dusky Frog). Category: Conservation. Date of observation: 19 November 2009. Location: Haiti: L'Ouest; ridge crest in Parc Nacional La Visite, southwest of Pic La Visite. Coordinates: 18.34251, -72.2875Map these coordinates. Elevation: 1918 m. A single adult of this critically endangered species (IUCN, CR) was found dead (crushed) on a foot trail. No other individuals were found (or heard calling), despite searching under hundreds of rocks and logs in the park. Eleutherodactylus audanti was found under rocks and was calling at night. However, the rainy season had ended early and conditions were unusually dry, which may explain reduced frog activity. Accompanied by Elisabeth Rochel, Richard Thomas, and Eladio Fernandez. Thanks to Philippe Bayard and the Audubon Society of Haiti. Submitted by S. Blair Hedges (Pennsylvania State University, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802, USA, sbh1@psu.edu). [Hedges SB. 2010. Eleutherodactylus jugans (La Selle Dusky Frog). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 1:1].

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